Join Us in Observing World Drowning Prevention Day

As July 25th approaches, we are reminded of the critical importance of water safety with World Drowning Prevention Day. This day is dedicated to raising awareness about drowning prevention and promoting actions that can save lives. We invite you to join us in spreading awareness and taking proactive steps to reduce drowning incidents in our communities.

The Gravity of the Issue

Drowning is a significant global public health issue, claiming over 236,000 lives each year. It’s a tragedy often preventable with the right knowledge, skills, and precautions. This year, the theme for World Drowning Prevention Day is “Every Life Saved is a Victory,” highlighting the importance of equipping individuals with the tools to prevent drowning and save lives.

How You Can Make a Difference

There are several impactful ways you can participate in World Drowning Prevention Day:

1.⁠ ⁠Spread Awareness: Share water safety tips, drowning prevention measures, and the importance of learning to swim with your friends, family, and community members. Your voice can make a difference.

2.⁠ ⁠Educate Yourself: Learn about drowning prevention strategies, CPR techniques, and water safety protocols. Knowledge is power, and being informed can help you respond effectively in an emergency.

3.⁠ ⁠Support Local Initiatives: Get involved in local drowning prevention programs, swimming lessons, and water safety campaigns. Your support can help reduce drowning incidents in your community.

4.⁠ ⁠Practice Vigilance: Always keep a close eye on children and inexperienced swimmers when near water. Whether at the pool, beach, or any body of water, never leave them unattended.

Creating a Safer Future

Together, we can make a significant impact in preventing drowning and saving lives. Let’s work towards a world where everyone can enjoy water activities safely. Join us in observing World Drowning Prevention Day and help create a safer future for all.


Written by…

George Makasare

Vice President -Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) & Committee Member of Guideline Development Group for WHO (Int.)

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RLSS (I) Goes to Australia to Participate in Lifesaving World Championship 2024

Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) or RLSS (INDIA) was founded on 2nd August 1998 to add value to life in the country and erase the stigma that life is cheap in India. There were many drowning cases and accidents but rarely attended to until too late. An Ex Indian Naval Fighter pilot, I with RLSS (I) took it upon ourselves to create a huge bank of lifesavers, by empowering people with lifesaving skills to attend to accident victims on land and in water to save lives to the extent of coining a dream slogan of ”Training a Lifesaver in Every Home!” 

25 years on and we have trained a million, too few for our size and population. Thus our effort to train more and more lifesavers is ongoing. That we were launched with the help of RLSS (CW), RLSS (Australia), became a branch of the Commonwealth, voting member of the International Life Saving Federation and Strategic partner of the Surf Life Saving Australia is a matter of record. 

Lifesaving Sports were invented to attract the youth to the Lifesaving Movement. It has been with this aim that RLSS (India) has held 18 Domestic Championships and participated in similar number of International Events. Played in a Swimming Pool, on the beach and in the Ocean, the Sports is unique and fascinating. Team India shall participate in the Lifesaving World Championship 2024, being held on the Gold Coast, Queensland Australia from 20 August to 8 September 2024. It is intended to field three teams , National, Developing anf Club teams. My wife, Kavita and I are attending this Championship (LWC 2024) from 26 August to 03 September as Ambassadors of the event. 


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Managing Bone Fractures: A Comprehensive Guide

Bone fractures are a common injury that can happen to anyone, regardless of age or activity level. Understanding how to manage a bone fracture is crucial for a successful recovery and to prevent any long-term complications. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of bone fractures, their symptoms, treatment options, and tips for a speedy recovery.

Types of Bone Fractures:

1. Closed Fracture: The bone breaks but does not penetrate the skin.

2. Open Fracture: Also known as a compound fracture, where the broken bone pierces through the skin.

3. Greenstick Fracture: Common in children, where the bone bends and cracks but does not completely break.

4. Comminuted Fracture: The bone shatters into multiple pieces.

5. Stress Fracture: A hairline crack in the bone caused by repetitive stress.

Symptoms of a Bone Fracture:

– Intense pain at the site of the injury

– Swelling and bruising

– Deformity or misalignment of the affected limb

– Inability to bear weight or use the injured limb

– Limited range of motion

Treatment Options:

1. Immobilization: Keeping the broken bone in place with a splint, cast, or brace to allow it to heal properly.

2. Reduction: Manipulating the broken bone back into its correct position, either manually or surgically.

3. Surgery: In cases of severe fractures, surgery may be required to realign the bone fragments and stabilize them with pins, plates, or screws.

4. Physical Therapy: Once the bone has started to heal, physical therapy can help regain strength, mobility, and function in the affected area.

Tips for Recovery:

1. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully, including taking prescribed medications and attending follow-up appointments.

2. Eat a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D to support bone healing.

3. Avoid putting weight or pressure on the injured limb until cleared by your healthcare provider.

4. Stay active within the limits set by your healthcare provider to prevent muscle atrophy and stiffness.

5. Stay positive and patient – bone fractures take time to heal, and it’s essential to give your body the rest and care it needs.



Written by…

George Makasare

Vice President -Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) & Committee Member of Guideline Development Group for WHO (Int.)

Bone fractures can be painful and disruptive, but with the right treatment and care, most people can recover fully and regain their mobility. If you suspect you have a bone fracture, seek medical attention promptly to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Remember to follow your healthcare provider’s advice and be patient with the healing process. Your bones will thank you for it in the long run!

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Landslides in India During the Monsoon: A Growing Concern

The monsoon season in India is a double-edged sword. While it brings essential rain that cools the summer heat and replenishes water sources, it also triggers landslides, causing severe damage to lives, property, and the environment. This blog explores the causes, impacts, and mitigation strategies for landslides during the Indian monsoon.

Causes of Landslides During the Monsoon

Landslides are complex events triggered by a mix of natural and human factors. During the monsoon, the primary triggers include:

1. Heavy Rainfall: Prolonged, intense rainfall saturates the soil, increasing its weight and reducing its stability, making it the most common cause of monsoon landslides.

2. Deforestation: The removal of forests for agriculture, development, and urbanization reduces the vegetation that holds soil together, making slopes more prone to landslides.

3. Unplanned Construction: Rapid, unplanned construction, especially in hilly areas, disrupts natural slope stability and drainage patterns.

4. Geological Factors: Loose, unconsolidated soil and rocks on steep slopes increase the likelihood of landslides.

5. Seismic Activity: Earthquakes can destabilize slopes, making them more vulnerable to landslides during heavy rains.

Impact of Landslides

Landslides during the monsoon have wide-ranging effects on various aspects of life and the environment:

1. Loss of Life and Property: Landslides often lead to tragic loss of lives and extensive damage to homes, infrastructure, and agricultural lands.

2. Transportation Disruptions: Landslides frequently block roads and railways, causing significant disruptions in transportation and communication.

3. Environmental Degradation: They cause soil erosion, loss of vegetation, and siltation of rivers and streams, adversely affecting the local ecosystem.

4. Economic Loss: The destruction from landslides results in substantial economic losses, impacting local economies and livelihoods.

Notable Landslides in Recent Years

Recent years have seen several devastating landslides in India during the monsoon, underscoring the need for effective mitigation measures:

1. Uttarakhand (2013): The Kedarnath landslide, caused by heavy rain and cloudbursts, led to massive destruction and loss of life.

2. Kerala (2018 and 2019): Consecutive years of severe flooding and landslides caused extensive damage, displacing thousands and causing numerous fatalities.

3. Himachal Pradesh (2021): The Kinnaur landslide buried vehicles and people under debris, resulting in significant casualties.

Mitigation and Preparedness

Combating the threat of landslides requires a comprehensive approach involving government agencies, local communities, and scientific institutions. Key strategies include:

1. Early Warning Systems: Developing and implementing advanced early warning systems can help predict landslides and provide timely alerts to vulnerable populations.

2. Slope Stabilization: Engineering solutions like retaining walls, drainage systems, and slope reinforcement can enhance slope stability and prevent landslides.

3. Afforestation: Planting trees and restoring forests can help bind the soil, reducing the risk of landslides.

4. Land-Use Planning: Enforcing strict regulations on construction and land use in hilly areas can minimize human-induced triggers of landslides.

5. Community Awareness and Training: Educating communities about landslide risks and preparedness measures can significantly reduce casualties and property damage.


Landslides during the monsoon in India highlight the delicate balance between nature and human activity. While it is impossible to completely prevent natural disasters, understanding, predicting, and mitigating landslides can greatly reduce their impact. As climate change continues to alter weather patterns, it is crucial for India to invest in sustainable practices and resilient infrastructure to protect its people and environment from the recurring threat of landslides.


Written by…

George Makasare

Vice President -Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) & Committee Member of Guideline Development Group for WHO (Int.)

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Life on the Beach: A Day in the Life of a Lifeguard

Beaches are synonymous with fun, relaxation, and the soothing sound of waves crashing on the shore. But behind the scenes of this idyllic setting, a group of dedicated individuals work tirelessly to ensure the safety and enjoyment of beachgoers: the lifeguards. Here’s a glimpse into the life of a beach lifeguard, revealing the responsibilities, challenges, and rewards of this vital role.

Early Start: Preparation and Briefing

A lifeguard’s day often starts before the sun rises. The morning begins with a team briefing where the head lifeguard outlines the day’s conditions, including weather forecasts, tide schedules, and any potential hazards such as strong currents or jellyfish sightings. This meeting sets the tone for the day, ensuring that everyone is prepared and aware of their duties.

Beach Setup: Securing the Area

Before the crowds arrive, lifeguards set up their stations. This involves placing flags that indicate safe swimming zones, setting up rescue equipment, and conducting a thorough inspection of the beach. Checking for any hazards like sharp objects or dangerous marine life is crucial to prevent accidents before they happen.

Vigilance and Patrolling

Once the beach opens to the public, lifeguards take their positions in elevated towers or patrol the shoreline. Constant vigilance is key; a lifeguard’s eyes are always scanning the water, watching for signs of distress or unusual activity. This requires intense concentration and the ability to remain calm under pressure.

The Art of Prevention

One of the primary roles of a lifeguard is to prevent accidents before they occur. This involves educating the public about water safety, advising against risky behaviors, and enforcing beach regulations. Through a combination of authority and approachability, lifeguards ensure that beachgoers understand the importance of staying within designated swimming areas and following safety guidelines.

Responding to Emergencies

Despite preventive measures, emergencies can and do happen. Lifeguards are trained to respond swiftly and effectively to a variety of situations, from minor injuries to life-threatening incidents. Whether it’s a swimmer caught in a rip current or someone needing first aid, lifeguards are equipped with the skills and equipment to provide immediate assistance.

Teamwork and Communication

Effective communication and teamwork are the backbone of lifeguard operations. Lifeguards work closely with each other, local law enforcement, and emergency medical services to coordinate responses and ensure the best possible outcome in emergencies. Regular training drills and simulations help keep these skills sharp and improve response times.

Challenges and Rewards

Being a lifeguard is not without its challenges. The job demands physical fitness, mental toughness, and the ability to handle stressful situations. The hours can be long, and the environment can be harsh, with lifeguards exposed to the sun, wind, and saltwater for extended periods.

However, the rewards are substantial. There is immense satisfaction in knowing that you play a critical role in keeping people safe. Lifeguards often develop strong bonds with their colleagues, creating a sense of camaraderie and teamwork. The gratitude from someone you’ve helped or the simple joy of ensuring families have a safe day at the beach make the hard work worthwhile.

A Lifelong Impact

For many lifeguards, the skills and experiences gained on the beach extend beyond their professional lives. The ability to stay calm under pressure, work as part of a team, and maintain peak physical condition are invaluable life skills. Moreover, the sense of responsibility and service can inspire a lifelong commitment to helping others.


Life on the beach as a lifeguard is a blend of responsibility, vigilance, and dedication. It’s a role that requires more than just physical strength; it demands compassion, quick thinking, and a proactive attitude toward safety. The next time you enjoy a day at the beach, take a moment to appreciate the lifeguards who watch over you, ensuring that your time in the sun remains safe and enjoyable. Their presence is a testament to the importance of safety, readiness, and community service.


Written by…

George Makasare

Vice President -Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) & Committee Member of Guideline Development Group for WHO (Int.)

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The Silent Depths: Understanding Why Drowning Makes No Noise

In the vast expanse of water, amidst the ebb and flow of waves, there exists a chilling reality: drowning makes no noise. It’s a phenomenon that defies our expectations, shattering the dramatic portrayals we often see in movies and television shows. But why does such a desperate struggle unfold in silence? Let’s delve into the depths of this enigma.

Picture this: a tranquil beach at sunset, the gentle lull of the waves washing ashore. It’s a scene of serenity, yet beneath the surface lies a world of chaos and turmoil. When someone is drowning, there are no frantic cries for help, no dramatic thrashing of limbs—just a silent struggle against the relentless force of water.

The reason for this silence lies in the physiology of drowning itself. When water floods the airway, it prevents the victim from breathing, effectively cutting off their ability to vocalize. As a result, there are no screams for help, no shouts of desperation—only the silent gasping for air as the body fights to stay afloat.

But beyond the physical limitations, there is a psychological aspect to the silence of drowning. In moments of crisis, our instinct is to conserve energy and focus on survival. In the midst of a struggle for life, there is little room for vocalization or expression. Instead, the mind is consumed by primal urges, driving the body to do whatever it takes to stay alive.

This silent struggle stands in stark contrast to the dramatic portrayals we often see in popular media. In movies and television shows, drowning is depicted as a chaotic, tumultuous event, filled with screams and splashes. But the reality is far more subdued—a quiet battle fought beneath the surface, where every second counts and every breath is a precious commodity.

Understanding the silent nature of drowning is crucial for recognizing the signs and symptoms of someone in distress. It’s not always easy to spot a drowning victim, especially when they make no noise and exhibit little movement. That’s why it’s essential to stay vigilant and keep a watchful eye on those in or near the water, especially children and inexperienced swimmers.

So, what can we do to prevent drowning and ensure the safety of ourselves and others? First and foremost, education is key. Learning how to swim and practicing water safety techniques can greatly reduce the risk of drowning. Additionally, always swim in designated areas supervised by lifeguards, and never underestimate the power of water—even calm, shallow waters can pose a threat.

But perhaps the most important lesson to take away from the silent depths of drowning is the value of vigilance and awareness. By staying alert and attentive to our surroundings, we can help prevent tragedies and ensure that everyone can enjoy the water safely. After all, in the quiet struggle of drowning, every moment matters, and every life is worth saving.


Written by…

George Makasare

Vice President -Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) & Committee Member of Guideline Development Group for WHO (Int.)

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Empowering Village Communities With Lifesaving Skills

My recent experiences in the Sangli district, particularly around Kirloskarwadi, have reshaped my perception of rural India. The strides in infrastructure and community engagement are palpable, yet there remains a crucial gap in access to life-saving skills.  To bridge this gap RLSS (India) embarked on bringing training directly to the villages, Despite the enthusiasm among villagers to learn life-saving techniques, practical training posed a significant challenge. Demonstrating skills like CPR or first aid requires more than just observation; it demands hands-on experience and personalized guidance. Farmers are a busy people. Their day begins well before Sun Rise and ends after Sun Set, but then we only want one member from Each Home to give us his or her time, We need time to engage with them for one-on-one training. Merely showing the procedures wasn’t enough; mastery required practice and feedback. The key was fostering a culture of empowerment and assurance, reminding villagers that proficiency comes with practice and perseverance.

Empowering village communities with life-saving skills isn’t just about teaching techniques; it’s about instilling confidence and a will to save lives. Through the innovative approach of a mobile training facility, we’ve transcended the barriers of space and resources, bringing essential skills to those who need them most. As we continue to expand this initiative, we remain steadfast in our commitment to building healthier, safer, and more resilient communities, one village at a time. Join us on this journey of empowerment and transformation.

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The Crucial Role of Breathing Style in Swimming Performance

When it comes to swimming, technique is everything. Among the many technical aspects, the breathing style stands out as a fundamental element that can make or break a swimmer’s performance. Let’s dive into why mastering the art of breathing in swimming is so vital.

Oxygen Efficiency

Efficient breathing allows swimmers to maintain a steady intake of oxygen, crucial for sustaining endurance and performance. Proper breathing techniques help prevent oxygen deprivation, which can lead to fatigue and diminished performance.

Stroke Rhythm and Coordination

The breathing rhythm is intricately linked with the stroke cycle. Properly timed breaths ensure smooth coordination between strokes, kicks, and body rotation, optimizing the swimmer’s efficiency and speed through the water.

Buoyancy and Balance

Correct breathing techniques contribute to maintaining buoyancy and balance in the water. Improper breathing can disrupt the body’s alignment, leading to increased drag and decreased propulsion.

Reduced Stress and Anxiety

Learning to breathe effectively while swimming reduces stress and anxiety levels in the water. Confidence in one’s breathing ability allows swimmers to focus on technique and performance, rather than worrying about running out of breath.

Prevention of Muscle Cramps

Oxygen-deprived muscles are more prone to cramping. Proper breathing ensures that muscles receive an adequate oxygen supply, reducing the risk of cramps during intense swimming sessions.

Improved Endurance

Mastering efficient breathing techniques enhances a swimmer’s endurance capacity. By maximizing oxygen intake and minimizing energy expenditure on breathing, swimmers can sustain their effort over longer distances without tiring as quickly.

Adaptability to Different Strokes

Different swimming strokes require varying breathing patterns. Whether it’s the rhythmic breathing of freestyle, the bilateral breathing of backstroke, or the controlled breathing of butterfly and breaststroke, mastering each stroke’s unique breathing style is essential for optimal performance.

Technique Refinement

Focusing on breathing encourages swimmers to refine their overall technique. It promotes better body position, smoother transitions, and more streamlined movements through the water, ultimately leading to faster times and improved efficiency.

Injury Prevention

Proper breathing reduces the strain on the body, particularly the neck and shoulders. By maintaining relaxed and controlled breathing patterns, swimmers can minimize the risk of overuse injuries and discomfort during training and competition.

Mind-Body Connection

Breathing plays a significant role in establishing a strong mind-body connection in swimming. By synchronizing breath with movement, swimmers can achieve a state of flow, where every stroke feels effortless and natural.

In conclusion, breathing style is not just a minor detail in swimming; it’s a foundational pillar of technique and performance. Mastering proper breathing techniques enhances oxygen efficiency, stroke coordination, and overall swimming prowess. Whether you’re a competitive swimmer or a recreational enthusiast, investing time and effort into refining your breathing style will undoubtedly pay dividends in the pool.


Written by…

George Makasare

Vice President -Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) & Committee Member of Guideline Development Group for WHO (Int.)

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Riding the Wave: Exploring the World of Surf Life Saving Sports

Surf life saving sports blend the thrill of surfing with the noble pursuit of saving lives. It’s an exhilarating blend of athleticism, ocean mastery, and community service that has captivated enthusiasts worldwide. Let’s dive into the world of surf life saving sports and discover what makes them so special.

The Origin Story

Surf life saving sports have their roots in Australia, where they emerged in the early 20th century as a response to the high number of drownings along the country’s coastline. What began as a necessity to protect beachgoers soon evolved into a competitive sport, with athletes honing their skills in swimming, surfing, and lifesaving techniques.

The Athlete’s Arsenal

Competitive surf life saving encompasses a range of disciplines, each demanding its own unique set of skills. These include:

1. Surf Skiing: Athletes navigate the waves on specialized surf skis, using paddles to propel themselves through the water.

2. Board Paddling: Similar to surfboard riding, but with a focus on speed and endurance, board paddling tests an athlete’s ability to navigate the surf on a paddleboard.

3. Ocean Swimming: Swimmers brave the open water, battling currents and waves to reach their destination.

4. Beach Sprinting: A test of pure speed, beach sprinting sees athletes dash across the sand in a sprint to the finish line.

5. Rescue Board Race: Combining surfing and lifesaving, athletes paddle out on rescue boards to simulate rescuing a distressed swimmer.

The Spirit of Competition

Surf life saving competitions are not just about individual achievement; they’re about camaraderie and community. Athletes train together, support one another, and compete with a shared sense of purpose: to showcase their skills and promote water safety.

 Beyond the Competition

While the thrill of competition is undeniable, the true essence of surf life saving sports lies in their lifesaving mission. Athletes undergo rigorous training in rescue techniques, CPR, and first aid, equipping them with the skills needed to respond in emergency situations.

The Global Impact

Surf life saving sports have transcended their Australian origins to become a global phenomenon. From the shores of California to the beaches of Brazil, enthusiasts gather to compete, bond, and spread awareness about water safety.


Surf life saving sports offer a unique blend of athleticism, adrenaline, and altruism. Whether you’re a seasoned competitor or a casual beachgoer, there’s something undeniably compelling about riding the waves while knowing you have the skills to save a life. So next time you hit the beach, take a moment to appreciate the athletes who dedicate themselves to keeping our shores safe.


Written by…

George Makasare

Vice President -Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) & Committee Member of Guideline Development Group for WHO (Int.)

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Exploring the Rich History of LifeSaving Sports


LifeSaving sports have a storied history, rooted in the noble mission of saving lives and promoting water safety. From humble beginnings to global recognition, these sports have evolved into competitive events that showcase athleticism, skill, and dedication. Let’s dive into the fascinating journey of LifeSaving sports and how they have become an integral part of water safety education and athletic excellence.


The origins of LifeSaving sports can be traced back to the late 19th century when communities recognized the need for organized efforts to prevent drowning incidents. The concept of lifesaving competitions emerged as a way to train lifeguards and promote lifesaving techniques. In 1891, the Royal Life Saving Society (RLSS) organized the first official life-saving competition in England, laying the foundation for what would become a global movement.


As LifeSaving techniques advanced and spread worldwide, so did the popularity of lifesaving competitions. In the early 20th century, countries like Australia, New Zealand, and the United States embraced lifesaving sports as a means to train lifeguards and raise awareness about water safety. These competitions featured events such as swimming rescues, line throwing, resuscitation, and simulated rescue scenarios.

Recognition and Growth:

Throughout the 20th century, LifeSaving sports gained recognition as legitimate athletic endeavors. National and international governing bodies, such as the RLSS and the International Life Saving Federation (ILS), were established to oversee competitions and standardize rules and regulations. Lifesaving sports were included in prestigious multi-sport events like the World Games and the Commonwealth Games, further elevating their status on the global stage.

Modern Era:

In the 21st century, LifeSaving sports continue to thrive, attracting athletes of all ages and backgrounds. The sport has diversified to include disciplines such as beach flags, surf skiing, paddleboarding, and oceanman/oceanwoman events. These modern adaptations reflect the evolving nature of water rescue techniques and the growing emphasis on fitness and endurance in lifeguard training.

Impact and Legacy:

Beyond the thrill of competition, LifeSaving sports have had a profound impact on water safety education and drowning prevention efforts. Lifeguards who participate in lifesaving competitions are better equipped to handle real-life rescue situations, thanks to the rigorous training and simulation exercises involved. Additionally, the visibility of LifeSaving sports helps raise awareness about the importance of water safety practices among the general public.


The history of LifeSaving sports is a testament to the enduring commitment to water safety and the valor of those who dedicate their lives to saving others. From its humble beginnings to its current status as a respected athletic pursuit, LifeSaving sports continue to inspire athletes, educators, and communities around the world. As we look to the future, let us continue to support and celebrate the lifesaving heroes who make our waters safer for everyone.


Written by…

George Makasare

Vice President -Rashtriya Lifesaving Society (India) & Committee Member of Guideline Development Group for WHO (Int.)

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